23 September 2017 AD, the feast of St Pio and St Linus

Andrew Yanthar-Wasilik

This chapter describes four Fundamental Coupling Constants:

**⧫ Electromagnetic force coupling constant, alpha _{Electromagnetic} α_{E} **

**⧫ Weak force coupling constants, alpha _{Weak} α_{W} **

**⧫ Strong nuclear for force coupling constant, alpha _{Strong} α_{S} **

**⧫ Gravity force coupling constant, alpha _{Gravity } α_{G} **

The electromagnetic, weak, and strong are integers; I mean the real or complex values if for a Constant C_{x} are substituted integers.

Gravity is a different story - it is calculated from a fraction; x equals some real number, not an integer.

**Switching to Quantum Mechanics, there are also neutrino mixing angles (oscillations), all three of them described by integers as x**. It is the same story with the Weinberg Angle of electroweak interaction - this parameter is also an integer.

**However, quarks do not follow the rule**. Similar to gravity, they will be fractions substituted for x in order to get mixing angles. After I am finished with deriving quarks mixing angles, and their relation to gravity, I will present it in a separate Book.

**Neutrino mixing angles (oscillations), as well as quark mixing angles, are just probabilities of a change from one neutrino to the other (there are three of them), and the same for quarks.**

More about it in Book 7.

Andrew Yanthar-Wasilik

Here are some references for that topic^{(1)(2)}^{(3)}

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