#### 20. Narrative for Book 7 - Graph of General Form of Transcendental Function Alpha

#### 23 September 2017 AD; Feast of St Pio and St Linus

#### Andrew Yanthar-Wasilik

#### This chapter describes four Fundamental Coupling Constants:

#### **⧫**** Electromagnetic force coupling constant, alpha**_{Electromagnetic}** ***α*_{E}

_{Electromagnetic}*α*

_{E}

**⧫**** Weak force coupling constants, alpha**_{Weak}** ***α*_{W}

_{Weak}*α*

_{W}

**⧫**** Strong nuclear for force coupling constant, alpha**_{Strong}** ***α*_{S}

_{Strong}*α*

_{S}

**⧫**** Gravity force coupling constant, alpha**_{Gravity }** ***α*_{G}

_{Gravity }*α*

_{G}

#### The electromagnetic, weak, and strong coupling constants are calculated from integers; I mean, the real or complex values (y-axis) for a Constant C_{x} are computed from integers on the x-axis.

_{x}

#### Gravity is a different story - it is determined from a fraction; x equals some real number, not an integer.

**Switching to Quantum Mechanics, there are also neutrino mixing angles (oscillations), all three of them described by integers as x**. It is the same story with the Weinberg Angle of electroweak interaction - this parameter is also an integer.

**However, quarks do not follow the rule**. Instead, similar to gravity, they will be fractions substituted for x to get mixing angles. After I am finished with deriving quarks mixing angles and their relation to gravity, I will present these in a separate Book.

**Neutrino mixing angles (oscillations) and quark mixing angles are just probabilities of a change from one neutrino to the other (there are three of them), and the same for quarks.**

#### More about it is in Book 7.

#### Andrew Yanthar-Wasilik

#### Here are some references for that topic^{(1)(2)(3)}

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