23 September 2017 AD, the feast of St Pio and St Linus

Andrew Yanthar-Wasilik

This chapter describes four Fundamental Coupling Constants:

 ⧫ Electromagnetic force coupling constant, alphaElectromagnetic  αE

⧫ Weak force coupling constants, alphaWeak  αW

⧫ Strong nuclear for force coupling constant, alphaStrong  αS

⧫ Gravity force coupling constant, alphaGravity   αG

The electromagnetic, weak, and strong are integers; I mean the real or complex values if for a Constant Cx are substituted integers.

Gravity is a different story - it is calculated from a fraction; x equals some real number, not an integer.

Switching to Quantum Mechanics, there are also neutrino mixing angles (oscillations), all three of them described by integers as x. It is the same story with the Weinberg Angle of electroweak interaction - this parameter is also an integer.

However, quarks do not follow the rule. Similar to gravity, they will be fractions substituted for x in order to get mixing angles. After I am finished with deriving quarks mixing angles, and their relation to gravity, I will present it in a separate Book.

Neutrino mixing angles (oscillations), as well as quark mixing angles, are just probabilities of a change from one neutrino to the other (there are three of them), and the same for quarks.

More about it in Book 7.

Andrew Yanthar-Wasilik

Here are some references for that topic(1)(2)(3) 

(1)Neutrino oscillation

(2)Darrel Smith, Embry-Riddle University

(3)H. Ray, Los Alamos National Laboratory

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